Mystic Lotus

MAHĀ KASSAPA THERA BOJJHANGA



Discourse On Factors Of Enlightenment
To Mahā Kassapa Thera






Evam me sutam
Thus have I heard:
ekam samayam, Bhagavā
On one occasion the Blessed One
Rājagahe viharati Veluvane Kalandakanivāpe
was residing at the Squirrels' feeding ground in the Bamboo Grove, near Rajagaha.
Tena kho pana samayena
At that time,
āyasmā Mahākassapo Pipphali guhāyam viharati
the Venerable Mahā Kassapa who was living in the Pipphali Cave,
ābādhiko, dukkhito, bālhagilāno
was afflicted with a disease, was suffering, and was gravely ill.


Atha kho, Bhagavā, sāyanha-samayam, patisallānā vutthito
Then the Blessed One, arising from His solitude at even tide,
yenāyasmā Mahākassapo ten’upasankami,
visited the Venerable Mahā Kassapa
Upasankamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi
and sat down on a seat made ready for Him.
Nisajja kho Bhagavā āyasmantam Mahākassapam etadavoca
Thus seated, the Blessed One spoke to the Venerable Mahā Kassapa:


Kacci te Kassapa khamanīyam,
'Well Kassapa, how is it with you? Are you enduring your suffering?
Kacci yāpaniyam
Are you bearing up?
Kacci dukkhā vedanā patikkamanti no, abhikkamanti
Do your painful feeling decrease or increase?
Patikkamosānam paññāyati no, abhikkamo’ti
Are there signs of decreasing and not increasing?'


Na me bhante khamanīyam na, yāpanīyam
'No, Venerable Sir, I am not enduring, I am not bearing up,
Bālhā me dukkhā vedanā
the painful feeling is very great.
Abhikkamanti no, patikkamanti
There is a sign of pain not decreasing
Abhikkamosānam paññāyati no, patikkamo’ti
but of their increasing.'


Sattime Kassapa, bojjhangā
'Kassapa, these seven factors of Enlightenment
mayā sammadakkhātā, bhāvitā, bahulīkatā
are well expounded by me, and are cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññāya, sambodhāya nibbānāya samvattanti
They are condusive to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.


Katame satta
What are the seven?'


Sati-sambojjhango kho Kassapa
'Mindfulness, the factor of Enlightenment, Kassapa,
mayā sammadakkhāto, bhāvito, bahulīkato
is well expounded by me, and is cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya samvattati
It conduces to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.'


Dhamma-vicaya-sambojjhango kho Kassapa
'Investigation of the Dhamma, the factor of Enlightenment, Kassapa,
mayā sammadakkhāto, bhāvito, bahulīkato
is well expounded by me, and is cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya samvattati
It conduces to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.'


Viriya-sambojjhango kho Kassapa
'Persevering effort, the factor of Enlightenment, Kassapa,
mayā sammadakkhāto, bhāvito, bahulīkato
is well expounded by me, and is cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya samvattati
It conduces to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.'


Pīti-sambojjhango kho Kassapa
'Rapture, the factor of Enlightenment, Kassapa,
mayā sammadakkhāto, bhāvito, bahulīkato
is well expounded by me, and is cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya samvattati
It conduces to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.'


Passaddhi-sambojjhango kho Kassapa
'Tranquility, the factor of Enlightenment, Kassapa,
mayā sammadakkhāto, bhāvito, bahulīkato
is well expounded by me, and is cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya samvattati
It conduces to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.'


Samādhi-sambojjhango kho Kassapa
'Concentration, the factor of Enlightenment, Kassapa,
mayā sammadakkhāto, bhāvito, bahulīkato
is well expounded by me, and is cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya samvattati
It conduces to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.'


Upekkhā-sambojjhango kho Kassapa
'Equanimity, the factor of Enlightenment, Kassapa,
mayā sammadakkhāto, bhāvito, bahulīkato
is well expounded by me, and is cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya samvattati
It conduces to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.'


Ime kho Kassapa satta bojjhangā
These seven factors of Enlightenment, Kassapa,
mayā sammadakkhāto, bhāvito, bahulīkato
is well expounded by me, and is cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya samvattati
It conduces to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.'


Taggha Bhagava, bojjhangā
'Most assuredly, O Blessed One, they are factors of Enlightenment.
Taggha, sugata, bojjhangā’ti
Most assuredly, O Welcome One (Sugata), they are factors of Enlightenment.'




Idamavoca Bhagavā
Thus said the Buddha,
attamano, āyasmā Mahākassapo
and the Venerable Mahā Kassapa, glad at heart,
Bhagavato bhāsitam abhinandi
was delighted at the utterances of the Buddha.
vutthāhi cāyasmā Mahākassapo tamhā ābādhā
Thereupon the Venerable Mahā Kassapa recovered from that affliction,
Tathā pahīno cāyasmato Mahākassapassa so ābādho ahosī ti
and that affliction of the Venerable Mahā Kassapa disappeared.